Category Archives: hp-ux

OpenJDK JVM not supported while installing Oracle Fusion Middleware on Linux 7

Oracle Fusion Middleware 12.2.1.0.0 (FMW 12c) will not operate with OpenJDK releases which are standarded on Oracle Enterprise Linux 7.2 (OEL 7).    Resulting in an error similar to the one below:

[oracle@linux1 STAGE]$ java -Djava.io.tmpdir=/u04/tmp -jar fmw_12.2.1.1.0_infrastructure.jar -silent -ignoreSysPrereqs -responseFile /u01/STAGE/fmw.rsp
Launcher log file is /u04/tmp/OraInstall2017-07-13_08-41-06AM/launcher2017-07-13_08-41-06AM.log.
Extracting the installer . . . . . . . . . . . . Done
The OpenJDK JVM is not supported on this platform.
The log is located here: /u04/tmp/OraInstall2017-07-13_08-41-06AM/launcher2017-07-13_08-41-06AM.log.
[oracle@linux1 STAGE]$

This article outlines a procedure to resolve this error and proceed with installation of Oracle Fusion Middleware 12.2.1.0.0 on OEL 7 or any Linux 7 distribution.

1. Logon to OEL 7 server as the root user.

[larry@linux1 ~]$ su –
Password:
Last login: Tue Jul 13 09:44:38 EDT 2017 on pts/1
[root@linux1 ~]#

2. Determine current JAVA installed with command: java -version

[root@linux2 ~]# java -version
openjdk version “1.8.0_65”
OpenJDK Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_65-b17)
OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.65-b01, mixed mode)
[root@linux2 ~]#

We will install an alternative JDK for use of FMW with one we know works, in this case that JDK is 1.7.0_79.

3. Move to a directory to install the alternative JDK. In this case we will use /opt with command: cd /opt

[root@linux2 ~]# cd /opt
[root@linux2 opt]#

4. Download the JDK 1.7.0_79 with wget command: wget –no-check-certificate –no-cookies –header “Cookie: oraclelicense=accept-securebackup-cookie” “http://download.oracle.com/otn-pub/java/jdk/7u79-b15/jdk-7u79-linux-x64.tar.gz” “http://download.oracle.com/otn-pub/java/jdk/7u79-b15/jdk-7u79-linux-i586.tar.gz”

[root@linux2 opt]# wget –no-check-certificate –no-cookies –header “Cookie: oraclelicense=accept-securebackup-cookie” “http://download.oracle.com/otn-pub/java/jdk/7u79-b15/jdk-7u79-linux-x64.tar.gz”
–2017-07-14 14:14:46– http://download.oracle.com/otn-pub/java/jdk/7u79-b15/jdk-7u79-linux-x64.tar.gz
Resolving download.oracle.com (download.oracle.com)… 70.186.31.18, 70.186.31.9
Connecting to download.oracle.com (download.oracle.com)|70.186.31.18|:80… connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response… 302 Moved Temporarily
Location: https://edelivery.oracle.com/otn-pub/java/jdk/7u79-b15/jdk-7u79-linux-x64.tar.gz [following]
–2017-07-14 14:14:47– https://edelivery.oracle.com/otn-pub/java/jdk/7u79-b15/jdk-7u79-linux-x64.tar.gz
Resolving edelivery.oracle.com (edelivery.oracle.com)… 104.72.8.208
Connecting to edelivery.oracle.com (edelivery.oracle.com)|104.72.8.208|:443… connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response… 302 Moved Temporarily
Location: https://edelivery.oracle.com/osdc-otn/otn-pub/java/jdk/7u79-b15/jdk-7u79-linux-x64.tar.gz [following]
–2017-07-14 14:14:48– https://edelivery.oracle.com/osdc-otn/otn-pub/java/jdk/7u79-b15/jdk-7u79-linux-x64.tar.gz
Reusing existing connection to edelivery.oracle.com:443.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response… 302 Moved Temporarily
Location: http://download.oracle.com/otn-pub/java/jdk/7u79-b15/jdk-7u79-linux-x64.tar.gz?AuthParam=1473877008_9518549fbff39b6f0a026bcbd58215c9 [following]
–2017-07-14 14:14:48– http://download.oracle.com/otn-pub/java/jdk/7u79-b15/jdk-7u79-linux-x64.tar.gz?AuthParam=1473877008_9518549fbff39b6f0a026bcbd58215c9
Connecting to download.oracle.com (download.oracle.com)|70.186.31.18|:80… connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response… 200 OK
Length: 153512879 (146M) [application/x-gzip]
Saving to: ‘jdk-7u79-linux-x64.tar.gz’

100%[===============================================================================================>] 153,512,879 4.64MB/s in 32s

2017-07-14 14:15:20 (4.58 MB/s) – ‘jdk-7u79-linux-x64.tar.gz’ saved [153512879/153512879]

[root@linux2 opt]#

5. View the downloaded JDK with ls -l command:

[root@linux2 opt]# ls -l
total 149916
drwxr-xr-x. 4 oracle dba 43 Aug 25 14:22 app
-rw-r–r–. 1 root root 153512879 Apr 13 2015 jdk-7u79-linux-x64.tar.gz
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 6 Mar 26 2015 rh
[root@linux2 opt]#

6. Unpack the JDK with tar command: tar xzf ./jdk-7u79-linux-x64.tar.gz

[root@linux2 opt]# tar xzf ./jdk-7u79-linux-x64.tar.gz
[root@linux2 opt]# ls
app jdk1.7.0_79 jdk-7u79-linux-x64.tar.gz rh
[root@linux2 opt]#

7. change directory to the newly created JDK directory under /opt with cd command: cd /opt/jdk1.7.0_79/

[root@linux2 opt]# cd /opt/jdk1.7.0_79/
[root@linux2 jdk1.7.0_79]#

8. Use the alternatives command to install new JDK with command:

alternatives –install /usr/bin/java java /opt/jdk1.7.0_79/bin/java 2

9. Set the newly installed JDK as local default with command: alternatives –config java

[root@linux2 jdk1.7.0_79]# alternatives –config java

There are 2 programs which provide ‘java’.

Selection Command
———————————————–
*+ 1 /usr/lib/jvm/java-1.8.0-openjdk-1.8.0.65-3.b17.el7.x86_64/jre/bin/java
2 /opt/jdk1.7.0_79/bin/java

Enter to keep the current selection[+], or type selection number: 2
[root@linux2 jdk1.7.0_79]#

10. Install JAR from new JDK with command: alternatives –install /usr/bin/jar jar /opt/jdk1.7.0_79/bin/jar 2

[root@linux2 jdk1.7.0_79]# alternatives –install /usr/bin/jar jar /opt/jdk1.7.0_79/bin/jar 2
[root@linux2 jdk1.7.0_79]#

11. Install javac executable from new JDK with command: alternatives –install /usr/bin/javac javac /opt/jdk1.7.0_79/bin/javac 2

[root@linux2 jdk1.7.0_79]# alternatives –install /usr/bin/javac javac /opt/jdk1.7.0_79/bin/javac 2
[root@linux2 jdk1.7.0_79]#

11. Set the new JAR as the default with command: alternatives –set jar /opt/jdk1.7.0_79/bin/jar

[root@linux2 jdk1.7.0_79]# alternatives –set jar /opt/jdk1.7.0_79/bin/jar
[root@linux2 jdk1.7.0_79]#

12. Set the new JAVAC executable as the default with command: alternatives –set javac /opt/jdk1.7.0_79/bin/javac

[root@linux2 jdk1.7.0_79]# alternatives –set javac /opt/jdk1.7.0_79/bin/javac
[root@linux2 jdk1.7.0_79]#

13. Check the default java version with command: java -version

[root@linux2 jdk1.7.0_79]# java -version
java version “1.7.0_79”
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.7.0_79-b15)
Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM (build 24.79-b02, mixed mode)
[root@linux2 jdk1.7.0_79]#

14. NOTE: The Java version is now 1.7 79. Logon as the oracle software owner.

[root@linux2 STAGE]# su – oracle
Last login: Wed Jul 14 10:56:10 EDT 2017 on pts/1
[oracle@linux2 ~]$

15. Move to your FMW 12c installation directory and attempt running the installer again. The java error should be removed.

cd /u01/STAGE
java -Djava.io.tmpdir=/u04/tmp -jar fmw_12.2.1.1.0_infrastructure.jar -silent -ignoreSysPrereqs -responseFile /u01/STAGE/fmw.rsp

[root@linux2 jdk1.7.0_79]# cd /u01/STAGE
[root@linux2 STAGE]# su – oracle
Last login: Wed Jul 14 10:56:10 EDT 2017 on pts/1
[oracle@linux2 ~]$ cd /u01/STAGE
[oracle@linux2 STAGE]$ java -Djava.io.tmpdir=/u04/tmp -jar fmw_12.2.1.1.0_infrastructure.jar -silent -ignoreSysPrereqs -responseFile /u01/STAGE/fmw.rsp
Launcher log file is /u04/tmp/OraInstall2017-07-14_02-26-54PM/launcher2017-07-14_02-26-54PM.log.
Extracting the installer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .java -Djava.io.tmpdir=/u04/tmp -jar fmw_12.2.1.1.0_infrastructure.jar -silent -ignoreSysPrereqs -responseFile /u01/STAGE/fmw.rsp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Done
Checking if CPU speed is above 300 MHz. Actual 3478.990 MHz Passed
Checking swap space: must be greater than 512 MB. Actual 2047 MB Passed
Checking if this platform requires a 64-bit JVM. Actual 64 Passed (64-bit not required)
Checking temp space: must be greater than 300 MB. Actual 32284 MB Passed

Preparing to launch the Oracle Universal Installer from /u04/tmp/OraInstall2017-07-14_02-26-54PM
oraInstFile: /etc/oraInst.loc

16. NOTE: JDK error is now removed.

Larry Catt, OCP

Executing Oracle Script as a LINUX or UNIX background process

There are multiple situations where you have to execute processes in your Oracle environment as a daemon or background process of your OS. This procedure describes the use of “NOHUP” to begin the execution of a background process. In this example we are executing the Oracle 12c upgrade script ‘preupgrd.sql’ on an OEL (Oracle Enterprise Linux) platform.

1. Logon to your OEL server as the oracle software owner.

root@mylinux#su – oracle
oracle@mylinux#

2. Change directory to the location of your script file.

oracle@mylinux#cd /opt/app/oracle/product/12.1.0.2/rdbms/admin/
oracle@mylinux#

3. At the OS prompt execute the NOHUP command passing in a sqlplus connection string and the script name to be executed following by a terminating ampersand sign ‘&’.

nohup sqlplus sys/password as sysdba @./preupgrd.sql &

oracle@mylinux#nohup sqlplus sys/password as sysdba @./preupgrd.sql &
[1] 7260
oracle@mylinux#nohup: ignoring input and appending output to `nohup.out’

oracle@mylinux#

4. The (nohup) command will produce a log file in the local directory named nohup.out which records all terminal output from the daemon.

oracle@mylinux#cat nohup.out
SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.4.0 Production on Sat Mar 26 17:28:19 2017
Copyright (c) 1982, 2013, Oracle. All rights reserved.
Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.4.0 – 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

Loading Pre-Upgrade Package…

SQL>

5. You can also see the processing with the system process command (ps) as shown below.

oracle@mylinux#ps -ef|grep nohup
oracle 9707 9268 0 18:11 pts/0 00:00:00 grep nohup
[1]+ Exit 1 nohup sqlplus sys/password as sysdba @./preupgrd.sql
oracle@mylinux#

6. This completes executing an Oracle script as a LINUX or UNIX background process.

Larry J. Catt, OCP

Change time zone of Oracle RDBMS on Linux OS

This procedure demonstrates the method to change the time zone setting of an Oracle RDBMS installed on a Linux server.   NOTE:  Oracle RDBMS by default take the time of the OS which they are installed on.   Due to the number and variations LINUX distributions, this procedure may not work on all LINUX installs.   This procedure was performed on Oracle Enterprise Linux 7.2  (OEL 7.2).

 

  1. Logon to your Linux server as root.

 

[larry@linux2 ~]$ sudo su

[sudo] password for larry:

[root@linux2 larry]#

 

  1. Change user to Oracle software owner and logon to SQLPLUS.

 

[root@linux2 etc]# su – oracle

Last login: Wed Nov 30 16:36:03 UTC 2016 on pts/1

[oracle@linux2 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

 

SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on Wed Nov 30 16:38:13 2016

 

Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

 

 

Connected to:

Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 – 64bit Production

With the Partitioning, OLAP, Advanced Analytics and Real Application Testing options

 

SQL>

 

  1. Show the current date and time zone for the Oracle database with command: select systimestamp from dual;

 

SQL> select systimestamp from dual;

 

SYSTIMESTAMP

—————————————————————————

30-NOV-16 04.40.33.575810 PM +00:00

 

SQL>

 

  1. Exit out of SQLPLUS and change user to root.

 

SQL> exit

Disconnected from Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 – 64bit Production

With the Partitioning, OLAP, Advanced Analytics and Real Application Testing options

[oracle@linux2 ~]$ su –

Password:

Last login: Wed Nov 30 16:38:00 UTC 2016 on pts/1

[root@linux2 ~]#

 

  1. Change to directory /etc

 

[root@linux2 ~]# cd /etc

[root@linux2 etc]#

 

  1. Display the currently set system time with command date.

 

[root@linux2 etc]# date

Wed Nov 30 12:39:08 UTC 2016

[root@linux2 etc]#

 

  1. List the current setting to link /etc/localtime and remove link /etc/localtime, using the “rm –f” command.

 

[root@linux2 etc]# ls -l localtime

lrwxrwxrwx. 1 root root 23 Nov 30 14:22 localtime -> /usr/share/zoneinfo/UTC

[root@linux2 etc]# rm -rf localtime

[root@linux2 etc]#

 

  1. Create new link to directory /usr/share/zoneinfo/<your time zone> with you correct timezone.  In this example we are changing to EST.

 

ln -s /usr/share/zoneinfo/EST localtime

 

 

[root@linux2 etc]# ls -l localtime

lrwxrwxrwx. 1 root root 23 Nov 30 09:23 localtime -> /usr/share/zoneinfo/EST

[root@linux2 etc]#

 

  1. Execute linux date command to see new timezone.

 

[root@linux2 etc]# date

Wed Nov 30 11:43:59 EST 2016

[root@linux2 etc]#

 

  1. Logon as the oracle software owner and logon to SQLPLUS.

[root@linux2 etc]# su – oracle

Last login: Wed Nov 30 11:41:44 EST 2016 on pts/1

[oracle@linux2 ~]$ sqlplus / as sysdba

 

SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on Wed Nov 30 11:45:13 2016

 

Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

 

 

Connected to:

Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 – 64bit Production

With the Partitioning, OLAP, Advanced Analytics and Real Application Testing options

 

SQL>

 

 

  1. To verify the new timezone update has been completed, execute the SQL statement: select systimestamp from dual;

 

SQL> select systimestamp from dual;

 

SYSTIMESTAMP

—————————————————————————

30-NOV-16 11.46.25.722487 AM -05:00

 

SQL>

 

 

  1. This completes update of timezone for Oracle RDBMS on a Linux platform.

 

 

Larry Catt

OCP

 

Allowing SCP on Linux 7

Attempting to transfer files from one server Linux1 to Linux2 results in error: Linux2 sshd not started.

[oracle@linux1 STAGE]$ scp * oracle@10.2.0.155:/u01/STAGE/*
ssh: connect to host 10.2.0.155 port 22: Connection refused
lost connection
[oracle@linux1 STAGE]$
1. Logon as the root user to linux2 server.

[larry@linux2 ~]$ su –
Password:
Last login: Wed Sep 14 10:26:34 EDT 2016 on pts/1
[root@linux2 ~]#

2. Attempt to start the SSH service with command: service sshd start

[root@linux2 ~]# service sshd start
Redirecting to /bin/systemctl start sshd.service
[root@linux2 ~]#

3. Check the status of sshd service with command: service sshd status

[root@linux2 ~]# service sshd status
Redirecting to /bin/systemctl status sshd.service
? sshd.service – OpenSSH server daemon
Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/sshd.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
Active: active (running) since Wed 2016-09-14 10:23:36 EDT; 16min ago
Docs: man:sshd(8)
man:sshd_config(5)
Main PID: 1283 (sshd)
CGroup: /system.slice/sshd.service
??1283 /usr/sbin/sshd -D

Sep 14 10:23:36 linux2.localdomain systemd[1]: Started OpenSSH server daemon.
Sep 14 10:23:36 linux2.localdomain systemd[1]: Starting OpenSSH server daemon…
Sep 14 10:23:36 linux2.localdomain sshd[1283]: Server listening on 0.0.0.0 p….
Sep 14 10:23:36 linux2.localdomain sshd[1283]: Server listening on :: port 22.
Sep 14 10:25:45 linux2.localdomain sshd[3639]: pam_unix(sshd:auth): authenti…y
Sep 14 10:25:47 linux2.localdomain sshd[3639]: Failed password for larry fro…2
Sep 14 10:25:50 linux2.localdomain sshd[3639]: Accepted password for larry f…2
Sep 14 10:39:50 linux2.localdomain systemd[1]: Started OpenSSH server daemon.
Hint: Some lines were ellipsized, use -l to show in full.
[root@linux2 ~]#

4. Re-attempt the transfer from linux1 server.

[oracle@linux1 STAGE]$ scp * oracle@10.2.0.155:/u01/STAGE/.
oracle@10.2.0.155’s password:
fmw_12.2.1.1.0_infrastructure_Disk1_1of1.zip 100% 1490MB 99.3MB/s 00:15
fmw_12.2.1.1.0_infrastructure.jar 100% 1490MB 99.4MB/s 00:15
fmw_12211_readme.htm 100% 19KB 19.1KB/s 00:00
fmw.rsp 100% 1996 2.0KB/s 00:00
jdk1.7.0_79: not a regular file
jdk-7u79-linux-x64.tar.gz 100% 146MB 146.4MB/s 00:01
[oracle@linux1 STAGE]$
This completes failure of SCP transfer from stopped SSHD processes.
Larry Catt
OCP

Change time zone of Linux Server

This procedure demonstrates the method to change the Time Zone of a typical Linux server.   NOTE:  Due to the number and variations LINUX distributions, this procedure may not work on all LINUX installs.   This procedure was performed on Oracle Enterprise Linux 7.2  (OEL 7.2).

 

  1. Logon to your Linux server as root.

 

[larry@linux2 ~]$ sudo su –

[sudo] password for larry:

Last login: Thu Nov  3 11:02:19 EDT 2016 on pts/1

[root@linux2 ~]#

 

 

  1. Change to directory /etc

 

[root@linux2 ~]# cd /etc

[root@linux2 etc]#

 

  1. Display the currently set system time with command date.

 

[root@linux2 etc]# date

Wed Nov 30 12:39:08 UTC 2016

[root@linux2 etc]#

 

  1. List the current setting to link /etc/localtime and remove link /etc/localtime, using the “rm –f” command.

 

[root@linux2 etc]# ls -l localtime

lrwxrwxrwx. 1 root root 23 Nov 30 14:22 localtime -> /usr/share/zoneinfo/UTC

[root@linux2 etc]# rm -rf localtime

[root@linux2 etc]#

 

  1. Create new link to directory /usr/share/zoneinfo/<your time zone> with you correct timezone.  In this example we are changing to EST.

 

ln -s /usr/share/zoneinfo/EST localtime

 

 

[root@linux2 etc]# ls -l localtime

lrwxrwxrwx. 1 root root 23 Nov 30 09:23 localtime -> /usr/share/zoneinfo/EST

[root@linux2 etc]#

 

  1. Execute linux date command to see new timezone.

 

[root@linux2 etc]# date

Wed Nov 30 09:25:40 EST 2016

[root@linux2 etc]#

 

  1. This completes changing the time zone on Linux server.

 

Larry Catt

OCP

 

Translate UNIX / Linux EPOCH time to Oracle date

Translate UNIX / Linux EPOCH time to Oracle date

Epoch time in computers is general defined as the number of milliseconds since 1 January 1970 and provides for a very useful way of determining times between system and other time specific functions.   However, it is very difficult for humans to read.   The following code will convert an Epoch time to Oracle date time format.

Given epoch time is 579052800000. we can retrieve oracle time as below.

SQL> define test_time=579052800000

SQL> select  (TO_DATE(’01-01-1970′,’MM-DD-YYYY’) + (&test_time / 86400000)-1) from dual;

old   1: select  (TO_DATE(’01-01-1970′,’MM-DD-YYYY’) + (&test_time / 86400000)-1) from dual

new   1: select  (TO_DATE’01-01-1970′,’MM-DD-YYYY’) + (579052800000 / 86400000)-1) from dual

(TO_DATE(

———

07-MAY-88

SQL>

and convert standard oracle date to epoch

 

select to_char(sysdate – to_date(’01-01-1970′,’MM-DD-YYYY’))*86400000 from dual;

 

SQL> select to_char(sysdate – to_date(’01-01-1970′,’MM-DD-YYYY’))*86400000 from dual;

TO_CHAR(SYSDATE-TO_DATE(’01-01-1970′,’MM-DD-YYYY’))*86400000 ————————————————————

1.3807E+12

SQL>

Larry Catt

Move Oracle RAC database into Archive log mode

Moving Oracle RAC databases into and out of archive log mode requires a few more steps due to the existence of multiple instances. This procedure covers the steps required to move a non-archive log mode database into archive log mode.

1. Logon to Oracle node1 server as the oracle software owner.

2. Validate the current archive log mode of the database, by logging onto the database and issuing the [archive log list] command.


[oracle@mylinux1 ~]$ export ORACLE_SID=orcl1
[oracle@mylinux1 ~]$ sqlplus ‘/ as sysdba’

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.1.0 Production on Thu Jan 20 22:57:07 2011

Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle. All rights reserved.

Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.1.0 – 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, OLAP, Data Mining
and Real Application Testing options

SQL> archive log list
Database log mode No Archive Mode
Automatic archival Disabled
Archive destination /u05/oradata/orcl/archive
Oldest online log sequence 66
Current log sequence 68

3. Move the node out of cluster mode by changing the parameter cluster_database equal to false and exit.

SQL> alter system set cluster_database=false scope=spfile;

System altered.

SQL> exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.1.0 – 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, OLAP, Data Mining
and Real Application Testing options
[oracle@mylinux1 ~]$

4. Stop the clustered database with srvctl utility.

[oracle@mylinux1 ~]$ srvctl stop database -d orcl

5. Logon to sqlplus on node1 and startup the instance in single instance mode with mount option.

[oracle@mylinux1 ~]$ sqlplus ‘/ as sysdba’

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.1.0 Production on Thu Jan 20 22:59:08 2011

Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle. All rights reserved.

Connected to an idle instance.

SQL> startup mount
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 367476736 bytes
Fixed Size 2213376 bytes
Variable Size 293603840 bytes
Database Buffers 67108864 bytes
Redo Buffers 4550656 bytes
Database mounted.
SQL>

6. Alter the database to archive log mode.

SQL> alter database archivelog;

Database altered.

SQL>

7. Change the parameter cluster_database back to true, shutdown the instance, and exit.

SQL> alter system set cluster_database=true scope=spfile;

System altered.

SQL> shutdown immediate
ORA-01109: database not open

Database dismounted.
ORACLE instance shut down.
SQL>

SQL> exit
Disconnected from Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.1.0 – 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, OLAP, Data Mining
and Real Application Testing options

8. Use the srvctl utility to startup the clustered database.

[oracle@mylinux1 ~]$ srvctl start database -d orcl

9. Logon to sqlplus on node1 and check the archive log mode with the command [archive log list].

[oracle@mylinux1 ~]$ sqlplus ‘/ as sysdba’

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.1.0 Production on Thu Jan 20 23:01:22 2011

Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle. All rights reserved.

Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.1.0 – 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, OLAP, Data Mining
and Real Application Testing options

SQL> archive log list
Database log mode Archive Mode
Automatic archival Enabled
Archive destination /u05/oradata/orcl/archive
Oldest online log sequence 66
Next log sequence to archive 68
Current log sequence 68
SQL>

This completes moving an Oracle RAC database into archive log mode.

Larry J. Catt, OCP
oracle@allcompute.com
www.allcompute.com

Undo root.sh script in 11g GRID or RDBMS install

If you have executed root.sh on the installation of an Oracle 11g clusterware or RDBMS install and it failed. Remove the changes made by root.sh before re-execution with the following procedure.

1. Logon as the root user.

2. Navigate to the Oracle GRID_HOME

3. Execute the following command.

/opt/app/11.2.0/grid/crs/install/rootcrs.pl -deconfig –force -verbose

This completes the undoing the execution of root.sh from an Oracle Grid Installation.

Larry J. Catt, OCP 9i, 10g
oracle@allcompute.com
www.allcompute.com

How to debug Oracle opatch utility

The following procedure shows how to debug the Oracle opatch utility when you receive an error.

1. Execution of opatch utility results in the following error.

[oracle@mylinux1 OPatch]$ opatch lsinventory
Invoking OPatch 11.1.0.6.6

Oracle Interim Patch Installer version 11.1.0.6.6
Copyright (c) 2009, Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved.

Oracle Home : /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1
Central Inventory : /u01/app/oraInventory
from : /etc/oraInst.loc
OPatch version : 11.1.0.6.6
OUI version : 11.2.0.1.0
OUI location : /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/oui
Log file location : /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch2011-04-02_19-17-51PM.log

Patch history file: /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/cfgtoollogs/opatch/opatch_history.txt
Inventory load failed… OPatch cannot load inventory for the given Oracle Home.
LsInventorySession failed: Unable to create patchObject

OPatch failed with error code 73
[oracle@mylinux1 OPatch]$

2. Set the environmental variable OPATCH_DEBUG equal to true.

[oracle@mylinux1 OPatch]$ export OPATCH_DEBUG=true
[oracle@mylinux1 OPatch]$

3. Re-execute your opatch utility and every action performed by opatch will be displayed in your buffer. Use the messages to determine the error.

This completes use of debug with the opatch utility.

Larry J. Catt, OCP
oracle@allcompute.com
www.allcompute.com

SSH, PING, and RSH – Permissions causing failure on Oracle RAC Installation

Oracle RAC requires permissions to networking components which are typically restricted on most systems. Most notable are permissions to utilities SSH, PING, and RSH. If you are attempting to install Oracle RAC software and you are receiving failures in communications; check the permissions of these utilities for a possible cause.

1. Logon to your Linux server as root.

2. Change the permissions on the following files to u+s.

chmod u+s /bin/ping
chmod u+s /usr/bin/ssh
chmod u+s /usr/bin/rsh

This completes allowing Oracle permissions to SSH, PING, and RSH for RAC configurations.
Larry J. Catt, OCP 9i, 10g
oracle@allcompute.com
www.allcompute.com